Flour is an important part of our meal, which is used to make various items such as cookies, biscuits, bread, crepes, Rotis, pasta, and much more. Did you know there are 500 different variants of flours that are used, for cooking? So today, we will look into the top 10 most used flour for cooking and why one must consume them.
1. All-purpose flour
All-purpose flour is also known as refined flour, it is made from wheat grains after the removal of the brown covering. The process involves various steps such as milling, refining, and bleaching them. It is a popular part of various cuisines in the world, especially Indian cuisine. Due to the removal of the bran or the brown covering, the flour loses various nutrients and minerals. Therefore it is not highly ranked in terms of health, but consumed in large numbers due to the flavor and texture that they provide.
2. Bread flour
Bread flour is available in several varieties and is known to be higher in protein content compared to all-purpose flour. The reason why they have a high amount of protein is that bread requires a high amount of protein to produce a lot of gluten. It helps us to produce the perfect rise in the bread and also enables the bread to absorb more liquid allowing it to hold its shape and rise upward instead of outward.
3. Cake flour
Cake flour is made by finely milling soft winter wheat, and it is low on protein and is much finer, lighter, and softer. It is known to absorb fats readily to ensure that the butter and other fats are well distributed, throughout the batter. It contains a high volume of sugar, that will help to make mouth-watering cakes.
4. Pastry flour
Pastry flour, as the name suggests, is specially designed to make pastries lighter and more delicate than those made with all-purpose flour. It is a low protein flour that will make some delicate pastries, chewy cookies, and excellent pie crusts. It might lack the health part, but they make perfect baked goodies, so its all worth it. I wouldn’t recommend you to have it now and then, but it’s cool to consume it once in a while.
5. Self-rising flour
Self-rising flour is a combination of regular flour, baking powder, and salt. Therefore you won’t have to add any extra element to make them rise, so a perfect choice for baking. It is enriched, with nutrition such as calcium, Vitamin A, Thiamin, and folic acid. So it not only reduces your efforts but also puts your health in check.
6. Whole wheat flour
Whole wheat flour is derived by, grinding whole grain of wheat, also called wheatberry. They are used, in making various dishes such as bread, baked goods, fried items, and even Chappatis. They are rich in vitamins, iron, calcium, protein, and other nutrients. They help in lowering heart disease, decrease the risk of obesity, lower diabetes, supports healthy digestion, and reduces chronic inflammation.
7. Oat flour
Oat flour is made, from rolled oats they, are packed, with highly nutritious content that includes manganese, molybdenum, phosphorous, copper, biotin, vitamin B1, magnesium, chromium, and fiber. It will help you feel full for a long period and, additionally, reduces the risk of heart disease, lowers bad cholesterol, normalizes blood pressure, and highly beneficial for diabetic patients.
8. Semolina flour
Semolina flour is the one that is high on gluten and, is made from hard durum wheat. Compared to the other ones on the list, it has a coarse texture, the high gluten content in them makes them perfect for making pasta and baked goods. Other than gluten, it is high on vitamin B, iron, and magnesium. These nutrients help in converting food into energy, support red blood cell production, heart health, and blood sugar control.
9. Gluten-free flour
Gluten-free flour is the one that, is made from grains such as amaranth, buckwheat, corn, millet, quinoa, rice, etc. They all come under the label gluten-free flour. Gluten-free flour provides our body with several health benefits such as easing digestive symptoms, reducing chronic inflammation, boost energy, and promote weight loss. An ideal choice for people suffering from, celiac disease and diabetes.
10. Almond flour
Almond flour, is made from ground flour. It is created, through a huge procedure that involves blanching, grinding, and sifting of flour. It is not similar to almond meal, but many times people use these terms as one. It is a popular variant of flour since it is low on carbs, packed with nutrients, and has a very delicious taste. It is said to be healthier than wheat flour. It even helps in weight loss and reducing the bad cholesterol that exists in our body.