Our Indian Constitution is 70 years old after its enforcement. Our country runs on its. it is even followed by many countries to date. Indeed such a big democratic country requires a big constitution to run it. But there are various myths about our constitution. So come on let’s bust it.
It took few days or forever to make it
Some citizens say the Constitution was made in a month. Some say it took years. But the reality is, it took exactly 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days. The members of the Constituent Assembly met on 9th December 1946 and on 24th January 1950 for the last time. 11 sessions were summing up to 165 days. Besides this, various small groups met as Committees for shorter periods.
It was made by B.R. Ambedkar alone
Ambedkar had a very critical role as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. But he worked with many other members of the Committee and also the members of the CA. The CA was made of small committees,i.e., Fundamental Rights Sub-committee, Finance, and Staff Committee, etc. The making of the Constitution was a joint effort of 299 members with Ambedkar as a significant leader.
Only Congress made it
The Congress party members covered 82% of the Assembly members. The rest were representatives from other parties like All India Women’s Conference, Hindu Mahasabha, Communist Party of India, and many more. It was lead by Ambedkar himself who himself was a self-proclaimed opponent of the Congress party. After all, it is the constitution of a democratic country, it has to be made by all.
It is borrowed
Various elements had been adapted from other constitutions of the world. Like the Fundamental Rights from the American Constitution, Parliament-like form of democracy from The United Kingdom, etc. But it wasn’t copied as it is, it went through many debates and discussions then it was implemented. There was a wide range of members ranging from Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Parsis, Backward classes, etc. giving their views and discussing the laws and rights.
It may or may not be changed
Article 368 shows how to amend the Constitution. Supreme Court judgments are limiting the power of amendment. The basic structure of the Constitution like the law of rule, fundamental rights, independence of the judiciary, etc cannot be changed. So it can be amended under certain limiting powers for the better good. Or else, every other can change it to meet its needs, so it is essential to limit such powers.
It is amended various times
You must be thinking that such a big Constitution must be amended various times or again and again. But no, it isn’t. It is only amended 94 times for the last 62 years. Since 1950, there are in total 103 amendments till 2019. It is not that easy to amend it. It is a very long process. It undergoes various discussions before being amended.
It contains all the laws
It is a book of basic values, rules, and principles. It has a structure about how to make or amend a law. It does not itself contains laws. I know that for years we have been thinking that it is a ”Mother of laws” book, but it isn’t. Also, all the laws are not made by Parliament. Some are made by the states, some by the center, etc. I know this myth is a shocker for many, but it isn’t just filled with rules and punishments.
It was typed or printed?
No, it wasn’t typed nor printed but handwritten. The Constitution of India is proudly the longest written constitution of any country in the world. Yes, you heard it correct, this longest constitution is written by hand. It was handwritten in Hindi and English rather than any other language. Prem Behari Narain Raizada wrote it in calligraphy font manually by hand.
It is a huge book located at the Parliament
Yes, the handwritten one is in Delhi, but you can buy your copies too. Again a big myth is believed by all, but it isn’t true. You can also get a pocket-size version of it. You can buy it from various book shops and also online. It is a must in various institutions and also referred to as a textbook.
It is boring and without any pictures
Why do we need pictures in a law book? I mean who even thinks about drawing pictures in it? But it is given a wonderful look and also contains various pictures. It is decorated by artists of Shantiniketan. Each page is artistically decorated by artists including Boehar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose.