Indians are celebrating their 72nd Republic day, as today is the day on which the Constitution of India came into effect. So on this honorable day lets us have look at some of the myths about our Constitution. Here are the top 10 myths about the Indian Constitution, every Indian must absolutely know about.
1. The Indian constitution was made within a few days.
The Indian Constitution is the most important organ of our country. Thus it’s impossible to form such a supreme document in a short span of time. To be very precise the Constitution, took two years, eleven months, and seventeen days to form. There were numerous discussions, drafts, and rewrites of the Constitution, prior to the formation of the final document.
2. Only Ambedkar created the constitution
Every time we talk about the Indian constitution, the first name that comes to everyone’s mind is Dr. B.R.Ambedkar. But he is not the only one who formed our constitution. He indeed played the most important role in the formation. Dr. Ambekar was the chairperson of the drafting committee, whereas Benegal Narsing Rau, was the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly. Surendra Nath Mukherjee too, actively participated in the making since he was the Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly. Women also were part of this process, prominent among those are Ammu Swaminathan, Dakshayani Velayudhan, and Begum Aizaz Rasul.
3. Only the congress party was involved in making the constitution
Congress party was the major part of our Freedom struggle, as well as the formation of the constitution. But they were not the only people who created the constitution. Congress party members comprised only 82% of the Assembly members. The rest of the members belongest to other parties such as the India Women’s Conference, Hindu Mahasabha, Communist Party of India, Unionist Party, Scheduled Castes Federation among others.
4. The Indian constitution is borrowed, from another constitution
Indian constitution isn’t borrowed entirely from other constitutions. To be precise, we took inspiration from the constitution of other countries. The makers of the constitution have incorporated the concepts of Parliamentary government, the Concept of single citizenship, and Rule of law from the constitution of the United Kingdom. The fundamental rights were picked from the American constitution whereas, the Directive principles of state policy are picked from the constitution of Ireland.
5. The Indian Constitution can never be changed
Many people think of the constitution, as a sacred book, that cannot be changed at all! Well, this is not true, because the Indian Constitution can be amended. The guidelines regarding the amendment, are stated in article 368 of the constitution. The judges of the Supreme court have limited the power of amendment to only certain sections of the constitution. One can never change anything regarding the sovereign, democratic and secular character of the polity, rule of law, independence of the judiciary, and fundamental rights.
6. Indian Constitution contains all the laws of the country
People know the constitution, as a book that contains all laws of the country. Perhaps this is incorrect since the constitution is a book of basic values, principles, and rules. The book tells us about the structure and mechanisms for forming laws. It does not contain all the laws of our country. To be more precise, the constitution gives the government a vision to administer the nation.
7. The Indian constitution was written, by Baba Saheb Ambedkar.
All of us have this assumption that our constitution, is written by Dr. Ambedkar. Dr. Ambedkar was one of the makers of the constitution but, the constitution was handwritten, by Prem Behari Narain Raizada. He wrote the constitution in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. The book was handwritten in both Hindi and English language. Their copy is now stored in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
8. The Indian constitution is one of the longest written constitutions of any sovereign country in the world.
Indian constitution is not one of the longest, precisely it is the longest constitution in the world. The original text comprises 395 articles in 22 parts and eight schedules. Currently, the constitution has 448 articles, with 12 schedules. No constitution is in the world even close to being this long.
9. The right to property is not a fundamental right
We have already discussed how it is possible to amend a certain section of our constitution. Earlier, the property right was a part of the fundamental rights. But later, was ejected because of the 44th Amendment Act of 1978. This action took place to make sure that every person can get deprived of the property. Additionally, this will decrease the boundaries of rich and poor categories for owning land.
10. During the formation of the constitution, various people opposed it.
While the constitution was being formed, there were a lot of debates and discussions. None of the leaders was against the constitution. There were debates regarded the things which should be included in the book. After the first draft came out, there were up to 2000 amendments made until it got finalized.