types of rice

Rice is one of the most widely consumed staple food in the world, especially in the continents of Asia and Africa. It even has the third-highest worldwide production, and they are available in more than 40,000 varieties. Today we will look through the top 10 most consumed rice types, so without a further delay, let’s begin!

1. Brown rice

Brown rice is one of the healthiest rice variants you will come across. They can be easily replaced, in almost every white rice recipe. These ones are milled to remove the outer layer, but its bran layers aren’t removed and they come in both short- and long-grain varieties. They have a distinct nutty flavor, with a chewy texture, and, are loaded with a number of nutrients such as fiber, manganese, phosphorus, iron, and vitamins B3, B1, and B6.

2. White rice

White rice is one of the most used rice variants in the united states of America. They are milled properly to remove both the outer husks and the bran layers. It has very few nutritional levels as compared to brown rice but is very versatile. It can be used, in stir-fry, pilafs, salads, and more. They are extremely affordable and have a much longer shelf life than brown rice.

3. Red cargo rice

Red cargo rice is a longed grained Thai rice variant that is very similar to brown rice. They are milled but only to remove the outer husks, not the bran layers. They are reddish-brown in color and are packed, with nutrients. They have a nutty flavor, an ideal choice for curries, fish, and meat. Red cargo rice takes longer to cook as compared to other variants, therefore, they have a much chewier texture.

4. Jasmine rice

Another Thai variant on the list, Jasmine rice, is a type of fragrant rice that has a nutty taste and floral aroma. They have longed grain and, they come in both white and whole-grain varieties. When they are cooked they tend to become soft and a bit too sticky. It is popularly used in Asian and Caribbean dishes since it brings out the best from this cuisine.

5. Black rice

As the name suggests, black rice is black in color since it has a high level of anthocyanin, its an antioxidant that you will find in blueberries, eggplant, and purple corn. These are even known as forbidden rice or emperors rice because once upon a time, they were exclusively used to feed Chinese emperors. They are medium-sized grains and are used, in various Asian dishes.

6. Basmati rice

If you are an Indian, you surely know about this one popularly grown in India and Pakistan, Basmati rice undergoes a one-year-long aging process to obtain their delicious flavor and taste. They are one of the largest rice grain you will come across, they come in both white and whole-grain varieties. An excellent choice for curry dishes, its taste is so worth it!.

7. Arborio rice

This small-sized rice variant is from Italy, they work effectively for slow cooking because they ver well absorb liquid and flavor. They are ideal for making risotto since they are extremely creamy and chewy. They are known for holding shape well, therefore great for cooking arancini, minestrone, or fried rice balls.

8. Wild rice

Wild rice is actually a type of grass that has been originated from the Upper Great Lakes region of the United States. These are grown commonly around lakes and rivers and are sold, as dried whole-grain rice. When you will cook them, their skin will split into half-dried whole-grain rice. They have many nutritional benefits such as they are low in fat, gluten-free, and high in protein, lysine, and fiber.

9. Rosematta rice

Rosematta rice is a medium-sized grain that grows in many regions of India. They have acquired a red color since their bran layers aren’t removed. They are loaded with nutrients and, it has an earthy flavor that goes pretty well with lamb, beef, or game. You get the best out of them when slow-cooked, something you must surely try.

10. Parboiled rice

The last one here is the parboiled rice, that undergoes the process of soaking, steaming, and drying that enables it to absorb all the nutrients before getting the husks removed. They are comparatively less sticky, but they tend to absorb the liquid pretty well. They have an extremely long shelf life, so you can buy them in huge bulk.