Did you know that 71 percent of the area on earth is covered, by water, and we human race hasn’t even discovered 5% of it! So imagine there is so much more for us to know about it! So today, we are going to reveal the top 10 facts about the ocean you surely didn’t know about.
1. Ocean is home to 95% of life on earth
The earth population in today’s time is around 8 billion, but the earth has so much more life than just us. Oceans are said to be the home to more than 95% of life on earth. So if I got it right, the life living on land is actually a minority. You will be surprised to know that we haven’t discovered much of these life forms. Therefore we make about 2,000 discoveries per year, and to date, we have discovered 226,000 of these marine species.
2. There’s enough gold in the ocean for each one of us to have 9 pounds of it!
Yes, you have read it absolutely right, according to the research, there are 20 million tons of gold dispersed throughout the oceans. But it is very diluted pretty much into a pulp, . The concentration of these gold is only a few parts per trillion. If this gold is equally distributed, among every person on earth, everyone on this planet would have received nine pounds of gold.
3. The longest mountain range on earth is underwater, and it is ten times longer than the Andes.
For those who don’t know, Andes is the longest continental mountain range that stands 7,000 km tall. But you will be shocked to know, that it isn’t the longest. The longest one is the Mid-Oceanic Ridge. This mountain range snakes between all continents, and it is said to clock in at around 40,390 miles long. And more than only 90 percent of the mountain range is lying in the deep ocean.
4. The Pacific is wider than the moon.
The Pacific Ocean is said to be the largest and deepest ocean in the world, and it covers about 46% of Earth’s water surface. Its depth is 4,000 meters, and it spreads up to 165,250,000 square kilometers. The pacific ocean is wider than the moon. It is not a small difference, pacific is five times the diameter of the moon!
5. One iceberg could supply a million people with drinking water for five years.
Oceans are not just the water we see on the beaches, but it also consists of the frozen icebergs towards the poles. 68.7 percent of fresh water on the planet is held, in ice caps and glaciers that amount of water can be supplied, to a million people for five years. Looking at these numbers a company in the United Arab Emirates is actually planning to begin towing icebergs from Antarctica to extract freshwater.
If you have studied geography well, you must know about the pressure that exists in and around the earth. Marina trench is the deepest point in the ocean having a depth of 35,802 feet below the surface. The water pressure here is eight tons per square inch, which will crush you like an ant. Hypothetically if you ever reach down there, you will actually feel like holding up nearly 50 jumbo jets.
7. More people have been to the moon than to the Marina Trench.
Since we have already mentioned the marina trench here, so lets us look through another unbelievable fact related to it. More people have visited the moon than the marina trench. To date, only three people have managed to make it to the marina trench since there are extreme weather conditions there. On the other hand, more than a dozen people have been on the moon.
8. The ocean’s canyons make the Grand Canyon seem small
The grand canyon is a gorgeous canyon that has been carved by the Colorado River in Arizona. The grand canyon spreads 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide. No offense to our wonderful grand canyon, but there is something that can actually make it feel small. That is the Zhemchug Canyon, which is situated, in the Bering Sea, and it is known to have a vertical relief of 8,520 feet. The Zhemchung canyon is almost 2,500 feet deeper than the grand canyon.
9. There’s an internet connection in the ocean.
In this age of 2020, the internet is something each and every one of us must-have. The world is brought closer due to the internet but, did you know that there is an internet connection, in the ocean too. As per the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, there are submarine cables that are buried deep within the oceans. These cables carry more than 97 percent of intercontinental data traffic, which means that our overseas connections are made possible due to these cables.
10. There are 3 million shipwrecks in the ocean.
Right now, at this very moment, there are at least 30 cruise ships in the sea. There have been almost a billion ships in the sea, out of which 3 million have sunk in the ocean. The most memorable ones are titanic, the fleet of Kublai Khan, the Spanish Armada, and MS Estonia.